20 Exploring the World of the Rarest Dog Breeds

Rarest Dog Breeds

Last Updated on September 16, 2023 by Fumipets

20 Exploring the World of the Rarest Dog Breeds


The world of dog breeds is incredibly diverse, with hundreds of unique and beloved varieties. Among them, there are some exceptionally rare breeds that stand out for their scarcity and distinctive characteristics.

In this article, we delve into the fascinating realm of rare dog breeds, shedding light on their history, characteristics, and the dedicated enthusiasts who work to preserve them.

World of the Rarest Dog Breeds

Some of the most popular dog breeds are golden retrievers and german shepherds, which are often chosen by families and individuals searching for an obedient, devoted pet. While both may be attractive and attract some attention in the park, they are common canines and lack the allure of unique dogs. Some breeds are so uncommon that few people have ever heard of them, particularly those that haven’t yet been acknowledged as breeds. The following list of the 20 rarest dog breeds in the world includes those that will attract a lot of attention:

The 20 Rarest Dog Breeds

1. New Guinea Singing Dog

Height 12 – 18 inches
Weight 20 – 32 pounds
Temperament Intelligent, resourceful, independent
Energy HIGH

New Guinean dogs are among the world’s oldest breeds of dogs. Dingoes and singing dogs are related and look similar. These basal dogs are so named because of their distinctive howl, which fluctuates in frequency and has a melancholy, haunting quality.

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2. Telomian

Height 15 – 19 inches
Weight 18 – 29 pounds
Temperament Alert, Loyal, Adaptable
Energy HIGH

Due to their position as pariah dogs (semi “wild” canines that live among people in Asia), Telomians are not officially recognized by any major kennel clubs and were rejected as a breed by the Malaysian Kennel Club. Telomians resemble spitz-like creatures and resemble Basenjis in appearance.

3. Schapendoes

Height 16 – 20 inches
Weight 26 – 45 pounds
Temperament Obedient, Loyal, Intelligent
Energy Moderate to High

Dutch-based Schapendoes dogs, often known as Dutch Sheepdogs, were historically bred for herding purposes. These friendly, medium-sized sheepdogs are wonderful family companions and take pleasure in everything from canine sports to trekking.

4. Xiasi Dog

Height 17 – 20 inches
Weight 25 – 65 pounds
Temperament Friendly, Sociable, Loyal
Energy Moderate

Xiasi canines are hardy, little, shaggy canines from the Xiasi hamlet in the Guizhou Prefecture of China that are on the verge of extinction. Many locals keep Xiasi dogs because they think that they will bring riches to their households.

5. Stabyhoun

Height 20 – 22 inches
Weight 44 – 55 pounds
Temperament Friendly, Sociable, Loyal
Energy High

Stabyhouns, one of the rarest canine breeds in the world and a native of the Dutch region of Friesland, are wonderful family companions and outstanding hunters. It’s critical to keep an eye on stabys before they vanish from view since they are autonomous hunters and will pursue any sign of prey.

6. Chongqing dog

Height 12 – 18 inches
Weight 30 – 55 pounds
Temperament Loyal, Protective, Brave
Energy Moderate

Despite being approximately 2,000 years old, it’s difficult to pinpoint the precise time when Chongqing dogs first appeared in Chinese history. Chongqing dogs are instinctive guard dogs that are apprehensive of strangers. They are very devoted and may become violent when they perceive danger.

7. Azawakh

Height 24 – 29 inches
Weight 33 – 55 pounds
Temperament Lively, Affectionate, Tenacious
Energy HIGH

Azawakh dogs, a unique species of sighthound from Africa that can outpace most canines, can run at speeds that are comparable to those of the Greyhound. Early socialization is essential to avoid aggressiveness in these swift, agile dogs since they may be highly protective because they were developed for guarding and hunting.

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8. Chinook

Height 21 – 27 inches
Weight 55 – 90 pounds
Temperament Athletic, Friendly, Gentle
Energy HIGH

The state dog of New Hampshire is a Chinook dog, which was developed by an innkeeper who was seeking a sled dog without the unpredictability of huskies and malamutes. Because of their kinder, calmer temperaments, Chinooks are a well-liked breed even though the AKC does not recognize them.

9. Kai Ken

Height 17 – 22 inches
Weight 30 – 40 pounds
Temperament Alert, Brave, Reserved
Energy HIGH

The clever Kai Ken dogs are a unique breed from Japan that are good at hunting and keeping an eye on their land. Although they are not hostile against humans, Kai Ken dogs have extremely close familial bonds and are instinctively wary of strangers.

10. Xoloitzcuintl

Height 10 – 14 inches; 14 – 18 inches; 18 – 23 inches
Weight 10 – 15 pounds; 15 – 30 pounds; 30 – 55 pounds
Temperament Alert, Loyal, Intelligent
Energy Moderate to High

The Xoloitzcuintli dog, commonly known as the Mexican Hairless dog, is a historic breed of canine that goes back around 3,000 years. They come in three typical sizes (toy, miniature, and regular), are quite clever, and make great watchdogs.

11. Otterhound

Height 23 – 27 inches
Weight  64 – 110 pounds
Temperament Playful, Noble, Vocal
Energy Moderate

Otterhounds are a lively sheepdog breed from Great Britain that is at the risk of extinction. Although they have a highly friendly and playful nature, they are best recognized for their loud, deep howls that can be heard for quite a distance.

12. Thai Ridgeback

Height 20 – 25 inches
Weight 35 – 75 pounds
Temperament Protective, Brave, Independent
Energy HIGH

The Thai Ridgeback is much rarer and more sought after than the Rhodesian Ridgeback because of the fur stripe that runs backwards down their spines. These hardworking dogs have their origins in Thailand, and they are inclined to guard their family.

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13. Bedlington Terrier

Height 15 – 18 inches
Weight 17 – 23 pounds
Temperament Curious, Companionable, Active
Energy Moderate to High

Bedlington Terriers are most well-known for their woolly, sheep-like coats and floppy ears, which resemble miniature lambs scurrying about. These lamb dogs make excellent companion pets and athletes since they are less impulsive and more dependable than certain other terrier breeds.

14. Finnish Spitz

Height 15 – 20 inches
Weight 15 – 29 pounds
Temperament Vocal, Spirited, Loyal
Energy HIGH

Finnish Spitzes, who are recognized for their distinctive barking and traditional Spitz appearance, were developed in Finland to hunt a variety of animals. The Finnish Spitz will bark at anything they see, smell, or hear if they are not taught to do so very early.

15. Catahoula Leopard Dog

Height 20 – 24 inches
Weight  35 – 100 pounds
Temperament Active, Determined, Inquisitive
Energy HIGH

Catahoula Leopard Dogs are farm dogs that are known as the state dog of Louisiana. They also make wonderful hunting dogs and household pets. These big spotted dogs are friendly and affectionate despite their high levels of activity and slightly autonomous personalities.

16. Lagotto Romagnolo

Height 16 – 19 inches
Weight 24 – 35 pounds
Temperament Trainable, Friendly, Affectionate
Energy  Moderate

Lagotto Romagnolos are recognized truffle-hunting purebred dogs that are beginning to gain popularity worldwide. Along with their calm, laid-back personalities as household pets, they are renowned for having a significant aptitude for discovering truffles.

17. Hovawart

Height 23 – 28 inches
Weight  55 – 88 pounds
Temperament Obedient, Protective, Dependable
Energy Moderate to High

Hovawarts are more serious and leery of strangers, and depending on the color of their coat, they might be mistaken for Golden Retrievers. These robust, tough canines exhibit outstanding loyalty and reliability as working dogs and were developed to guard farms and homesteads.

18. Blue Lacy Dog

Height 18 – 21 inches
Weight 30 – 50 pounds
Temperament  Intelligent, Devoted, Active
Energy HIGH

Blue Lacy Dogs, the official state dog of Texas, are dependable worker dogs that thrive in a large ranch or agricultural environment. Intuitive with their owners and capable of showing significant love, these natural hunters are active and need plenty of exercise to be content.

19. Boerboel

Height  23 – 28 inches
Weight  120 – 170 pounds
Temperament Serious, Protective, Loyal
Energy Moderate

Boerboels are Mastiff-like, protective, and territorial dogs that have their origins in South Africa. Because they are dominating dogs that will rapidly take over the house if they can, these enormous dogs need to be a member of the family and demand a highly knowledgeable dog owner.

20. Tibetan Mastiff

Height 24 – 30 inches
Weight 75 – 160 pounds
Temperament  Self-assured, Watchful, Aloof
Energy Moderate

Tibetan Mastiffs, a rare breed of Mastiff-type dogs who are apprehensive of strangers and protective of their family, are imposing in size and serious in disposition. If your home often hosts visitors and family members, Tibetan Mastiffs—playful and friendly with youngsters from their families—need a lot of early socialization.

Questions and Answers About Rare Dog Breeds:



What defines a rare dog breed?

A rare dog breed is characterized by its low population numbers and limited presence in comparison to more common breeds. These breeds may have unique physical traits, historical significance, or a specific cultural heritage that contributes to their rarity.


How are rare dog breeds classified?

Rare dog breeds can be classified based on factors like geographical origin, purpose (working, companion, etc.), or specific breed characteristics. Some rare breeds may also fall under-recognized kennel clubs, while others may not have official recognition.


Why are some dog breeds considered rare?

There are various reasons for a breed’s rarity. It may be due to a low historical population, limited geographical distribution, or a specific purpose that has led to a smaller breeding community. Additionally, some rare breeds may face challenges in gaining official recognition.


How can enthusiasts support and preserve rare dog breeds?

Enthusiasts of rare dog breeds can support and preserve them by becoming involved in breed-specific organizations or clubs. This can include participating in breed shows, engaging in responsible breeding practices, and advocating for breed recognition. Additionally, adopting and promoting these breeds can help raise awareness.


Are rare dog breeds more prone to health issues?

While rare dog breeds may have unique health considerations, they are not necessarily more prone to health issues than more common breeds. However, due to their smaller gene pools, some rare breeds may be susceptible to specific genetic conditions. Responsible breeding practices and regular veterinary care are crucial in maintaining the health of any breed, rare or common.




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