3 Types of Rottweiler Dog Breeds: An Overview

Types of Rottweiler

Last Updated on October 9, 2023 by Fumipets


The Rottweiler, a powerful and confident breed, has several distinct types and bloodlines that have evolved over the years. These variations in Rottweiler breeds are primarily influenced by their geographical origin and breeding purposes.

Some prominent types of Rottweiler breeds include the German Rottweiler, American Rottweiler, and Roman Rottweiler. Each type exhibits unique traits in terms of appearance, temperament, and working abilities.

While the German Rottweiler is renowned for its loyalty and working prowess, the American Rottweiler is often bred with a focus on show conformation. Understanding these breed types can help prospective owners choose the Rottweiler that aligns best with their lifestyle and preferences.

Types of Rottweiler Dog Breeds

Some people imagine a ferocious guard dog when they think about Rottweiler dogs. Rottweiler breeds, meanwhile, diverge unexpectedly from that. Every Rottweiler breed has the potential to be kind, loving, and excellent with children.

So what distinguishes Rottweilers from Germany and America? Do Roman Rottweilers exist? Are they still around?

To help you better understand the many varieties of Rottweilers, their look, and their disposition, here is a summary.

Are There Different Types of Rottweiler Dog Breeds?

There are several varieties of Rottweilers even though the AKC only recognizes one breed of the canine. Continue reading if it seems confusing!

Because of varying breeding standards, Rottweilers from different nations may have diverse characteristics. Since these dogs are bred in three different nations, there are three primary sorts of Rottweilers. Official Rottweilers from official German breeders will resemble the ancient Roman breed more because of stringent breed criteria in nations like Germany that include physical characteristics, temperament, and genetic health. There is greater diversity in the US since puppies with two Rottweiler parents may be recognized as purebreds.

The last word? While there are several sorts of Rottweiler dogs based on the countries of origin, there are not legally multiple breeds of these dogs.

The 3 Types of Rottweiler Dog Breed Origins:

1. German Rottweiler

The origins of the German Rottweiler are rather mysterious. They are said to have descended from a drover dog, which was a species endemic to ancient Rome. The German Rottweiler dog breed is renowned for being a working dog, much like the Bernese, Great Dane, Alaskan Malamute, and Mountain Dog. When given a job to do, they have a lot of energy and are happy.

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German Rottweilers are large dogs. Adult males often weigh 110 to 130 pounds, whilst females typically weigh 77 to 110 pounds. A male German Rottweiler may reach a height of 27 inches, while a female can reach a height of 25 inches.

A German Rottweiler may live up to 10 years.


With their robust bones, wider bodies, and blocky skulls, German Rottweilers are more striking than most American Rottweilers. This is due to the fact that they are produced with rigorous adherence to the old Rottweiler standard.

Their American relative can see through their eyes. The dog is black in color and almond-shaped. They resemble the American Rottweiler in having ears that are large and triangular.

German Rottweilers have a somewhat bigger physique than their American counterparts. It has well-defined ribs and a powerful fore chest.

They often have a natural tail. One of the key distinctions between German Rottweilers and other breeds is that tail docking is not permitted. They have an undercoat and a topcoat. The undercoat is entirely covered, while the topcoat is medium in length and rough.


The German Rottweiler breed is renowned for its dedication and fidelity to its owners.

They make excellent service dogs, police dogs, and therapy dogs because of their intelligence, persistence, and willingness to work. They get along nicely with children and other dogs if properly trained. They will, though, guard their pack fiercely.

German Rottweilers need a lot of stamina and maturity. They are large, powerful canines that need regular training, exercise, and socialization to be well-behaved.

2. American Rottweiler

There were precursors to the American Rottweiler centuries before, when the Roman Empire was still in control. It was employed as a herding dog by the Roman troops.

The modern Rottweiler was developed in Germany, where it first appeared in stud records in 1901. The breed’s original home is the German town of Rottweiler, thus the name Rottweiler.

American Rottweilers are used in the contemporary world as herding dogs, police dogs for the rail lines, and working dogs to pull carts. They can do a variety of occupations because of their strong frame and desire to work.

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The medium-sized American Rottweiler has a powerful, muscular frame. They often have a dark appearance with distinct rust marks. Men often have bigger frames and more stronger bone structures than females. While being typically smaller, females are nevertheless strong and muscular.

The tail of the American Rottweiler is docked. The exterior coat of the Rottweiler is medium in height and has a straight, harsh texture. Only the thighs and neck have the undercoat. The Rottweiler sheds sporadically all through the year.


The American Rottweiler is a devoted, caring, and watchdog who makes an excellent protector. Contrary to certain common misconceptions, Rottweilers are calm, intelligent dogs that are not violent. If required, they especially desire to defend their owners, but they won’t actively seek out conflict.

The American Rottweiler is a kind and jovial dog at home. All members of the household, including children, are treated with consideration and love by the dogs. Nonetheless, the American Rottweiler has a tendency to be distant towards strangers. Because of this, the breed makes a great guard dog.

3. Roman Rottweiler

The gigantic breed of Rottweiler is called the Roman Rottweiler. This breed has to be physically dominant, and its height might be enormous or huge.

Roman Rottweilers have the potential to grow to an enormous size, approaching that of a large dog. They are well-known for being one of the world’s largest dog breeds.

The Roman Rottweiler male may grow to a maximum height of 23 inches, while some can reach enormous proportions of 30 inches. In contrast, female Roman Rottweilers are smaller than males. They may grow from a little size of 24 inches to a large size of 29 inches in height.

A normal Roman Rottweiler weighs 95 pounds on average. Often, the female Rottweilers are lighter than the males. Roman Rottweilers are normally between 85 and 115 pounds for females and 95 to 130 pounds for males.

An average Roman Rottweiler’s lifespan typically lasts between 10 and 12 years. Nonetheless, the Roman Rottweiler female may live up to 14 years, which is far longer than their male counterparts.


Roman Rottweilers usually have coats that are either black and tan or black and mahogany. Depending on how they posture, they might seem wild yet powerful and muscular. Their head, which includes the lower and upper jaw, is large and strong.

Their big, deep, well-set eyes have a rich brown color. They have big, scissor-bite teeth in both their lower and upper jaws. They have well-formed, large, wide, triangular ears.

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They have thick, arched necks. They have a robust physique and a balanced stance thanks to their straight forearm and thick hind legs.


Contrary to popular belief, the Roman Rottweiler is a loving, devoted, and protective dog that would stop at nothing to ensure the safety of its owner. As they have served as watchdogs since the beginning of time, Rottweilers in Rome also possess other exceptional traits.

Roman Rottweilers have many characteristics with the standard Rottweiler breed, including bravery, intelligence, and exceptional capacity for thought.

Roman Rottweilers are extremely simple to teach because of their high intelligence, which also makes them eager to learn. While learning, they are enthusiastic, focused, and utterly subservient. It’s fairly amazing how attentive and submissive they are when learning, showing their owners that they are open to acquiring new information and developing new talents.


The look of the German and American Rottweilers is the biggest difference between them. The American Rottweiler has a docked tail, in contrast to the German Rottweiler’s naturally long tail. Nonetheless, both breeds have a reputation for being affable, calm, and good with children.

Roman Rottweilers are a breed that is less well known. The dog is a Rottweiler that was bred to be unnaturally large, putting it susceptible to several health problems.

Because of their huge stature, these Rottweilers are more prone to joint and orthopedic issues. The Roman Rottweiler is often a combination breed dog made up of a Rottweiler and a Mastiff.


Questions & Answers:



What is the German Rottweiler breed known for?

The German Rottweiler is prized for its strong work ethic, loyalty, and protective instincts. It is often used as a working and service dog, excelling in roles like police work, search and rescue, and as a loyal family companion.


What distinguishes the American Rottweiler from other types?

American Rottweilers are often bred with a focus on show conformation, emphasizing their appearance in dog shows and competitions. They may have slightly different physical characteristics and may be less focused on traditional working roles.


Are there any other notable Rottweiler breed types?

While the German and American Rottweilers are among the most recognized, there are also regional variations, such as the Roman Rottweiler, which is known for its historical significance and unique traits.


What should prospective Rottweiler owners consider when choosing a breed type?

Prospective Rottweiler owners should consider their specific needs and preferences. If looking for a working or service dog, the German Rottweiler may be a suitable choice. If interested in dog shows and competitions, the American Rottweiler might be preferred. Understanding the breed’s lineage and intended purpose is crucial.


Are there any common traits that all Rottweiler types share?

While each Rottweiler type may have its unique characteristics, common traits across all Rottweilers include strength, intelligence, loyalty, and a protective nature. They are known for forming strong bonds with their owners and being excellent family dogs when properly trained and socialized.




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