Peruvian Guinea Pig Info: Pictures, Personality & Traits

Peruvian Guinea Pig Info; Pictures, Personality & Traits

Last Updated on January 4, 2024 by Fumipets

Exploring the Enigmatic Peruvian Guinea Pig: A Unique South American Companion


Peruvian Guinea Pigs, often referred to as “Cuy” in their native land, are a unique and charming breed of domestic guinea pigs. Originating from the Andes Mountains in South America, these fluffy, long-haired rodents have captured the hearts of animal enthusiasts worldwide.

Known for their distinctive appearance and docile nature, Peruvian Guinea Pigs make fascinating and delightful pets. In this article, we’ll explore some key questions and answers to better understand these endearing creatures.

Peruvian Guinea Pig

The Peruvian guinea pig is one of the most well-known breeds of long-haired pigs, and it might be difficult to determine which side of the head is at first glance. These guineas need a lot of brushing, cleaning, and grooming because of their lengthy hair in order to prevent mating.

They are a large responsibility, thus they are better suited to guinea owners with expertise. They need to be played with often since they chew on their friends’ fur when they are bored and under-stimulated. They are stunning and captivating guinea pigs that are mostly raised as display animals.

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Weight: 900-1,400 grams
Lifespan: 6-8 years
Colors: Agouti, marked, tricolor, bicolor, solid
Temperament: Curious, alert, playful

3 Little-Known Facts About Peruvian Guinea Pigs

1. Bathing

Although the majority of guinea pig lovers would agree that most guineas don’t need regular washes, Peruvian guineas are unique. For Peruvian Guineas to maintain their long, clean, and knot-free hair, regular bathing is required.

2. Chin hair scratch

Some Peruvian Guineas like having their chin’s fur softly pulled. Like a cat, they’ll stretch out and elevate their heads if they like it.

3. Breeding

Due to their long hair, Peruvian guinea pigs were one of the first kinds to be carefully bred. This hair may grow up to 12 to 14 inches long on show guineas.

Things to Know When Owning a Peruvian Guinea Pig

Food & Diet Requirements🥕

Your Peruvian guinea’s skin and hair health will be significantly impacted by the food you feed it. All guineas need omega-3 fatty acids, but Peruvian guineas in particular will benefit tremendously from them because of their long coats. Guineas, like humans, are unable to produce vitamin C on their own, thus they must consume it daily in their food. The best pellets are those of high quality, but you must make sure they are fresh since vitamin C in pellets may rapidly break down. A guinea’s diet may also benefit from occasional vegetables and leafy greens, but too much fresh fruit might be harmful because of its high sugar level.


Every guinea pig breed needs frequent exercise, and having a large cage to run about in is crucial. Particularly Peruvian guineas need a lot of play and entertainment since boredom may lead to them constantly chewing on their own or their companion’s fur.

Keep in mind that although other small animals and rodents may enjoy and profit enormously from wheels, guineas should not use exercise wheels since they might harm their back.

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Grooming ✂️

Peruvian guineas should ideally be groomed and brushed on a daily basis due to their lengthy hair. Matting and knotting can quickly develop if you don’t groom your guinea. If this matting is kept on for a long time, the skin below may become uncomfortable and even infected. Unchecked mats may soon lead to issues, hinder your guinea’s ability to groom and feed itself, and limit its mobility. To avoid matting, it’s vital to sometimes trim your Peruvian guinea’s fur. You should also routinely check its hindquarters for matted fur or hardened droppings, which may lead to excretory problems.

Regular brushing and haircuts or trims are advised for your guinea, unless you want to use it for exhibition purposes. To keep it clean and out of the way, you may also clip your Peruvian’s hair back or tie it with elastic bands.

Health and Conditions 🏥

Serious Conditions: Fly Strike

Fly strike is a possibility if your Peruvian guinea is not routinely groomed or is kept in unclean or unhygienic surroundings. Your guinea’s unclean or matted hair may get covered in excrement and urine, which can attract flies. Fly eggs will hatch, and maggots will swiftly spread and eat your guinea’s tissues. A Peruvian guinea might pass away from this illness within days, making it a deadly ailment.

Minor Conditions:

Your Peruvian guinea’s hair may easily get matted if you don’t comb it, which can irritate their skin, restrict their mobility, and finally cause Fly Strike.

Without enough vitamin C in their diet, guineas may develop a kind of scurvy and develop an unhealthy coat, which may ultimately cause hair loss.

Final Thoughts

Guinea pigs from Peru make wonderful pets. They are very gregarious, lively, and inquisitive. They are stunning and captivating guineas, and breeders prize them highly as show guineas due to their long hair and varied colors.

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Having stated that, Peruvians are not recommended for a beginner guinea pig keeper. They need a regular regimen of examination, brushing, washing, and grooming since they are high maintenance. Their lengthy hair may easily grow matted and produce a variety of health problems if left unmanaged and ungroomed.

In light of all of that, they make a cute addition to your pet family. They make a special and lovely pet if you have the time, commitment, and care to provide.

Questions & Amswers


What Makes Peruvian Guinea Pigs Unique in Terms of Appearance?

Peruvian Guinea Pigs stand out primarily due to their exceptionally long and flowing fur, which can grow up to 20 inches or more. This luxurious coat is a defining characteristic, covering their entire body, including their face. Unlike other guinea pig breeds, Peruvian Guinea Pigs lack a distinct crown of fur on their heads.


Where Do Peruvian Guinea Pigs Originate From, and What is Their Cultural Significance?

Peruvian Guinea Pigs have their roots in the Andes Mountains of South America, where they hold cultural importance. Known as “Cuy,” these guinea pigs have been raised for centuries by indigenous Andean people for both their meat and as part of traditional ceremonies. Cuy remains a popular delicacy in Peruvian and Andean cuisine.


What Are the Temperament and Personality Traits of Peruvian Guinea Pigs?

Peruvian Guinea Pigs are known for their gentle and docile nature. They tend to be sociable, forming strong bonds with their human caregivers and fellow guinea pigs. While they may be initially shy, they often become affectionate and enjoy interaction with their owners.


How Should Peruvian Guinea Pigs Be Groomed Due to Their Long Hair?

Maintaining the exquisite fur of Peruvian Guinea Pigs requires regular grooming. Owners should carefully comb their guinea pig’s coat to prevent tangles, matting, and debris accumulation. Additionally, keeping their living environment clean is essential to maintain their hygiene.


What Are Some Common Health Considerations for Peruvian Guinea Pigs?

Peruvian Guinea Pigs, like other breeds, are susceptible to certain health issues. Dental problems, such as overgrown teeth, are common and need to be monitored. They are also prone to obesity, which can lead to other health complications. Regular veterinary check-ups and a balanced diet are essential to ensure their well-being.




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