What Do Snails Eat? All You Need to Know About Snail Feeding

What Do Snails Eat in the Wild and as Pets, What You Need to Know!

Last Updated on January 21, 2024 by Fumipets

What Do Snails Eat? All You Need to Know About Snail Feeding


Snails, the slow-moving creatures often found in gardens, forests, and even aquariums, have always fascinated curious minds with their unique lifestyle and dietary habits. As herbivorous gastropods, their food preferences may not be as straightforward as you think.

In this exploration of the snail’s diet, we will delve into their culinary choices, shedding light on the intriguing world of snail nutrition.

What Do Snails Eat?

Snails are incredible pets. You did read that correctly. Snails are entertaining pets. They are simple to put up a habitat for, silent, don’t take much labor, and are fascinating to watch. Snails make wonderful pets since they are simple to care for and feed. So what do snails eat? We have the answer to your question on what snails eat as well as a ton of other fascinating facts about them, so sit back, unwind, and read on!

Most Snails are Herbivores

A snail’s diet is primarily influenced by its species and environment. The three primary categories of snails are land snails, freshwater snails, and saltwater snails, despite the fact that there are hundreds of distinct varieties of them around the globe. Most snails are herbivores, which means they solely consume plant material like leaves, vegetables, fruit, etc., whether they are on land or in the water.

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Some snail species are omnivorous, which means they consume both plant- and animal-based foods. There are also snails that solely consume meat, called carnivores. Since land snails are the most popular kind maintained as pets, we will concentrate on them in this essay.

What Do Snails Eat in the Wild

Some snails will consume pretty much everything that is in their immediate vicinity, while others will search longer for their favorite meals. A range of green leaves, live or dead plants, fruits, vegetables, mushrooms, tree bark, and stems are all edible to most snails. Even eggshells found in the wild will be consumed by snails so they may consume the high calcium content of these shells.

A Snail’s Place in the Ecosystem is Important

Snails are gastropods that fall within the Mollusca phylum. While there are many distinct varieties of snails, each one has a foot and a shell that it uses to move about. Snails also come in a wide range of forms, colors, and sizes.

A radula, an organ resembling a tongue, is used by snails to feed. Snails utilize the radula’s many small teeth to scrape off plant matter and consume prey. Snails are high in calcium despite being at the absolute bottom of the food chain. The calcium in the snail’s shell is transferred up the food chain, where it helps construct the shells and embryos of animals including mice, shrews, squirrels, toads, turtles, and birds—all of which consume snails.

What to Feed a Pet Snail

You must provide your small buddy food and water if you have a new pet snail that is housed in a terrarium or another environment of a same kind. Placing several food items in a snail’s environment and seeing which ones it prefers is the simplest approach to choose what to give it. Lettuce, cabbage, apples, and cucumbers should come first.

It would be simpler for you to maintain the habitat clean if you put the food in a small dish within the cage. Other healthy foods to give a pet snail in addition to lettuce, cabbage, apples, and cucumbers include:

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• Spinach

• Artichoke

• Peas

• Kale

• Pears

• Peaches

• Plums

• Strawberries

Snails have a unique trait in that if given a limited selection of food, they may become bored with it. Therefore, you shouldn’t restrict your snail’s diet to just one or two foods. The secret to your snail friend’s happiness is variety.

For the health of their snells, snails must consume calcium in their food. A snail’s shell may thin down and break if it doesn’t acquire enough calcium. By giving your snail some crushed egg shells, natural chalk, cuttlebone, or calcium powder, which is readily available at most pet shops, you can ensure that it is getting adequate calcium.


A snail will eat till it is satisfied, so if you’re wondering how much to feed a pet snail, you should know this. Give your pet various food alternatives in its dish and replace any food that goes bad. You don’t need to worry about feeding a pet snail too much food. When you think about it, a snail only consumes enough food to make up around 10% of its body weight on a normal day.

What Not to Feed a Snail

Natural meals, rather than anything manufactured like pasta, rice, or bread, should be provided to snails. Additionally, they must avoid meals like cookies and sweets that are high in sugar. Snails shouldn’t ever be given salt since it will deplete their bodily fluids and kill them. Onions and citrus-based meals should never be given to snails since they contain a lot of acid.

Snails Need Water Like All Living Organisms

Snails need water to survive, just as all other living things do. Although it’s OK to give your pet snail a little dish with some shallow water, the majority of the water the snail need will come from the food it consumes and the surroundings it lives in. Just be sure to provide your snail fresh food and a somewhat damp but not too dry environment.

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The needs of pet snails are minimal. Snails have a diverse diet and are simple and inexpensive to raise. The majority of snail food may be found in your backyard, garden, or refrigerator, so you don’t need to purchase specific snail food. For kids, snails can make wonderful pets. Due to their little space requirements, they make excellent pets for those who live in tiny apartments. Another fantastic benefit is that finding snails in nature is much easier and cheaper than purchasing one from a pet shop.

Q&A: What Do Snails Eat?



What is the primary source of food for snails?

Snails are predominantly herbivores, meaning they primarily feed on plants. They have a penchant for a variety of greenery, including leaves, stems, and even flowers. Some snail species, however, might have specific plant preferences.


Do snails consume other substances besides plants?

Yes, snails occasionally consume non-plant material. Some species are known to ingest small rocks or even soil, possibly to aid in digestion or balance their calcium intake. However, these items are not a staple in their diet.


Can snails be cannibalistic?

Yes, certain snail species can display cannibalistic tendencies, especially when food resources are scarce. They may consume the eggs or even smaller individuals of their own species.


Do snails have any unique feeding adaptations?

Snails possess a radula, a specialized feeding organ equipped with tiny, tooth-like structures. They use this radula to scrape or rasp their food, making it easier to consume plants and other materials.


Are there carnivorous snails?

While most snail species are herbivores, some, such as the decollate snail, exhibit carnivorous behavior. These snails feed on other smaller snails and can be considered helpful in controlling pest snail populations in gardens.



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