German vs. American Rottweiler: What are the Differences?

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German vs. American Rottweiler

Last Updated on October 10, 2023 by Fumipets

German vs. American Rottweiler: What are the Differences?

 

The comparison between German and American Rottweilers involves examining the differences in these two variations of the same breed. German Rottweilers tend to adhere more closely to the breed’s original standard, emphasizing traits such as a robust build, strong work ethic, and steady temperament.

American Rottweilers, on the other hand, may exhibit some variations, often emphasizing larger size and a more laid-back temperament. While both types make excellent pets and working dogs, understanding these distinctions can help individuals choose the Rottweiler that best suits their needs and preferences.

German vs. American Rottweiler


One of the strongest breeds in the world is the Rottweiler. Originally employed to herd and guard cattle, they were eventually put to use pulling carts and wagons. Currently, Rottweilers are used as guide dogs, protection dogs, and companions for police officers.

The two types of Rottweilers are German and American. Both breeds possess a calm, alert, perceptive, and brave look that originates from Germany. They are also categorized as working dogs because of their physique, which exudes toughness, endurance, and power.

The distinctions between the German and American Rottweilers are not as noticeable. You will learn about their distinctions in this tutorial.

At a Glance

German Rottweiler

Average height (adult): 24 to 27 inches

Average weight (adult): 80 to 110 pounds

Lifespan: 8 to 10 years

Exercise: 2+ hours a day

Grooming needs: Minimal

Family-friendly: Yes

Other pet-friendly: Yes, when raised together

Trainability: Highly intelligent, Aggressive

American Rottweiler

Average height (adult): 24 to 27 inches

Average weight (adult): 80 to 110 pounds

Lifespan: 8 to 10 years

Exercise: 2+ hours a day

Grooming needs: Minimal

Family-friendly: Yes

Other pet-friendly: Yes, when raised together

Trainability: Highly intelligent, Aggressive

German Rottweiler Overview

If a rottweiler is born in Germany, it is referred to as a German Rottweiler. As a result, German Rottweilers are all Rottweilers that were born in Germany.

The Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler-Klub (ADRK) has further stringent requirements in addition to where they were born. The club anticipates the disposition of the Rottweiler to be ideal for working dogs, family dogs, guiding dogs, and security dogs. It must be kind, calm, and sharp-minded without losing control and acting violently against others.

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Furthermore rigorous when it comes to tail docking, the ADRK refuses to register a Rottweiler with a docked tail. The act of purposely snipping or cutting off a dog’s tail is known as tail docking.

The German Rottweiler features triangular ears, almond-shaped eyes, and a muscular neck. Yet, compared to the American Rottweiler, it has a wider body and nose. According to ADRK guidelines, coats in the hues black and mahogany, black and rust, and black and tan are permissible.

Personality

German Rottweilers become brave and devoted security dogs for their owners and families. It is a formidable opponent and will aggressively defend its family from any perceived harm.

The German Rottweiler has a placid disposition and a keen intelligence since it was designed to be the ideal human companion. As long as it is nurtured and socialized with other household pets from an early age, the dog is a terrific companion for children and will welcome them.

Training

This breed has collaborated with the police, military, and customs because of its high intelligence. Because of its size, the dog reacts well to training, which should begin at a young age.

To become friends and protectors, German Rottweilers need early socialization as well as strict and persistent training. In the absence of this, adolescents run the risk of developing into angry bullies who treat everyone and everything unfairly.

Health & Care

While they have a strong, intimidating appearance, these hotties are prone to health issues. They have cancer, parvovirus, von Willebrand disease, hypothyroidism, eye problems, hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and parvovirus.

Certain health issues may run in families. As a result, you should only purchase a German Rottweiler from a reputable and registered breeder. Get friendly pet insurance as well to assist you in paying for any medical costs.

Breeding

German rottweiler breeding regulations are strictly enforced by the ADRK. The club does not register the parent dogs’ pups if they fail a breed suitability test. The standard prevents birth defects in pups and guarantees that only the greatest rottweilers may procreate.

Suitable for:

The parents of the German Rottweilers have undergone extensive selection and testing, making them ideal for owners who desire a dog free of hereditary disorders. It is also appropriate for individuals seeking a strong, bulkier, and superior working dog.

American Rottweiler Overview

The Rottweiler breed that was born here in the United States is known for having its tail docked. Compared to German Rotties, this breed is a little bit less sturdy and smaller.

The head of the American Rottweiler is wide between the ears and medium in length. A dark, round nose, triangular ears, almond-shaped eyes, and a relatively long, slightly arched neck are its facial features. Its ribs are round and well-sprung, and its chest is deep, wide, and capacious.

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Regarding the Rottweiler’s coat color differences, the AKC is not rigid. There are red and blue coat colors, black and mahogany, black and tan, and black and rust.

Personality

American Rottweilers are devoted to their owners and show them love. They keep their distance from strangers and wait to determine whether they pose a hazard. Some owners misinterpret the dog’s peaceful approach to the stranger for timidity.

If properly taught, this breed appreciates a close bond with kids. You should, however, keep an eye on any encounters between the dog and young children.

When reared together, American Rotties get along with other household pets. Nonetheless, they could be aggressive against unusual animals or canines of the same sex.

Training

American Rottweilers are very bright and trainable. They are naturally inclined to want to satisfy their owners. Nonetheless, they have an obstinate nature.

While the pups are young, owners are urged to enroll them in fundamental training sessions. While the dog needs a lot of socializing and training, praise and incentives might aid the intransigence. Being cruel to the dog or roughhousing simply promotes hostility.

Health & Care

An American Rottie lives 8 to 10 years on average. It’s not impossible for it to survive beyond this point, however. By bringing your pet in for regular checks, you may lengthen their life.

Like their German relatives, American Rottweilers are susceptible to health problems. They could experience aortic stenosis, hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, eye issues, cancer, and other conditions.

Breeding

Compared to the ADRK, the AKC breeding requirements are less stringent. The club permits the registration and sale of pups derived from Rottweilers with genetic defects.

Just reporting the parents’ names and the number of the litter, paying the registration cost, and waiting for registration are all that the breeder has to do. This explains why the morphological characteristics of German and American Rottweilers vary significantly.

Suitable for:

If you want a family guardian and companion, the American Rottweiler is perfect. It is also perfect for those who want a dog that is leaner, leggier, and has its tail docked. This could be the dog you’re searching for if you want one with red, blue, and black color variants.

Other Notable Differences Between the German and American Rottweiler

Gait/Movement

A dog’s gait does reflect its general abilities. The American Kennel Club describes the American Rottweiler’s gait as harmonic, sure, balanced, and forceful. It is a well-known trotter with powerful front and hind drives.

Similar to German Rotties in their stride. They have the ability to trot, and their gait is easy and thorough. ADRK characterizes their movement as vigorous, mellow, and unconstrained.

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Working Skills

Initially, Rottweilers were bred to be working dogs. The ADRK oversees Rottweiler breeding to ensure that the offspring retain their original characteristics. German Rottweilers are wonderful companions and energetic workers.

The American Rottweiler is an exception to this rule. Sure, these canines make excellent guard dogs, but they lack the natural strength and agility of Rottweilers.

Kennel Club Breeding Regulation

The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes and registers American Rottweilers, whilst the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler-Klub (ADRK) does the same for German Rottweilers.

The existence of the American Rottweiler is evidence that the AKC is not enforcing rigorous breed criteria. The American breed is leaner, leggier, and taller than rottweilers, which should have wide bodies and robust bones. The AKC also permits tail docking or the removal of the dog’s tail.

ADRK, on the other hand, makes sure that all breeders adhere to the requirements for breeding. The ZTP exam for rottweilers must be passed first. The test looks for hereditary problems and determines if the breeding dog has the correct physical characteristics.

The Rottweiler also competes in dog shows, BH companion dog trials, and IPO competitions. The IPO is a pleasant, rewarding, competitive, and sociable physical and mental workout. The BH companion test evaluates the dog’s obedience and social skills.

Price of An American Rottweiler and German Rottweiler

Are you curious about the price of these puppies? A young American Rottweiler that is eight weeks old may cost you $1,500. In addition to the purchase price, you will incur additional costs for insurance, training, vaccines, and ongoing maintenance.

Due to the strict breeding requirements the German Rottweilers must satisfy, they are more costly. These may go from $2,700 to $3,000 with a further $500 freight charge.

Which Breed is Right for You?

The German and American Rottweilers have a long history with legendary defenders, drovers, and herders. The two dog breeds do have some distinct physical distinctions, however.

The American Rottie is a good choice if you’re a casual pet owner searching for a family friend and protection. The German Rottweiler, however, meets the bill if you work in law enforcement, the military, a security company, or another industry and require a working dog.

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Questions and Answers about German vs. American Rottweilers:

 

 

What are the key differences between German and American Rottweilers?

German Rottweilers typically adhere more closely to the breed standard, focusing on their working abilities and robust build. American Rottweilers may exhibit variations, often emphasizing larger size and a more relaxed temperament.

 

Which type of Rottweiler is more suitable for working roles?

German Rottweilers are often preferred for working roles due to their strong work ethic and adherence to the breed’s original working standards.

 

Are there differences in appearance between the two types?

While both types share the characteristic black coat with rust markings, German Rottweilers may have a slightly different appearance, with a more compact and muscular build.

 

Which type is better suited for families as pets?

Both German and American Rottweilers can make excellent family pets when properly trained and socialized. American Rottweilers may be a bit more laid-back, making them suitable for families, while German Rottweilers may require more structured training.

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Do these distinctions impact the health of the dogs?

Generally, both types can be equally healthy when bred responsibly and given proper care. Health concerns in Rottweilers, such as hip and elbow dysplasia, are not exclusive to either type and can be managed through regular veterinary check-ups and a healthy lifestyle.

 

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