Jack Rat Terrier Dog Breed Info: Pictures, Guide, Care & More

Jack Rat Terrier

Last Updated on October 1, 2023 by Fumipets

Jack Rat Terrier Dog Breed Info: Pictures, Guide, Care & More


The Jack Rat Terrier, also known simply as the “Jack Rat,” is a hybrid breed that combines the traits of two popular terrier breeds: the Jack Russell Terrier and the Rat Terrier.

This breed is known for its high energy levels, intelligence, and agility. Jack Rats are small to medium-sized dogs with a lively and friendly personality. They make excellent companions for active individuals or families and excel in various dog sports and activities.

Jack Rat Terrier Dog Breed

The Jack Russell Terrier and the Rat Terrier are the two terrier breeds that make up the Jack Rat Terrier. If not given the right care and attention, this combination results in an active, devoted, and obstinate dog that will challenge your patience.

Breed Overview

Height: 13-18 inches

Weight: 20-26 pounds

Lifespan: 12-16 years

Colors: White, blue, red, brown

Suitable for: Families with dog-owning experience, looking for an energetic pup

Temperament: Energetic, yappy, loyal, stubborn

An active, outdoor-loving family, however, will get great companionship from a well-trained Jack Rat Terrier. Learn more about these canines and if they’d be a suitable fit for your household by reading on.

Jack Rat Terrier Puppies

The Jack Rat is not a particularly well-known breed of dog, so you could have difficulties even locating a breeder with pups available. When bought from a breeder, these little to medium designer dogs may be rather pricey. It’s crucial to bear in mind that many individuals purchase Jack Rat Terriers without doing any research on the breed. As a consequence, a greater than usual number of Jack Rats are turned over to a shelter. As a result, you may be able to discover one in a shelter; often, it will come with shots and spay/neuter surgery.

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Strong personalities characterize Jack Rat Terriers. They have a tendency to bark a lot and are difficult to teach because of their stubbornness. Make sure you have the time available for frequent, intense training sessions. For Jack Rat Terriers to get adequate obedience training and cerebral stimulation, experienced dog owners may be a better choice.

Temperament & Intelligence of the Jack Rat Terrier

The breed known as the Jack Rat Terrier is exceptionally clever. Yet their obstinate nature might make training a bit challenging. The Jack Rat may prosper with the appropriate family and lots of patience. While they have a reputation for being cautious towards strangers, they are devoted to their relatives. They are devoted to you and like spending time with you, particularly on outdoor excursions.

Are These Dogs Suitable for Families?

It is true that the Jack Rat Terrier may make a terrific family dog for households with active children who are older and more polite. Families with young children may not be a good fit since the Jack Rat can be a little feisty and unpredictable. For older kids who know how to be cautious around dogs, they may, nonetheless, be wonderful friends.

Does This Breed Get Along with Other Pets?

Because of the Jack Rat Terrier’s intense prey drive, you should exercise caution while around smaller animals. But, with early socialization, many Jack Rat Terriers may get along just well with other dogs and even cats.

Things to Know When Owning a Jack Rat Terrier

Jack Rat Terriers are lively, unpredictable creatures. They might be sensitive to strangers yet are affectionate and devoted to their family. This is why doing your research before adopting any dog is crucial. Be sure it will blend in with your family and that you can take good care of it.

The secret to happiness for both you and your pet is to understand the feeding, activity, training, grooming, and health requirements of a pet before bringing it home.

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Food & Diet Requirements

You should give your Jack Rat Terrier a high-quality kibble with a substantial quantity of protein because of how active they are. Depending on its age and degree of activity, your dog will need a different quantity of food each day. To decide on the proper diet and serving sizes for your dog, see your veterinarian.


These dogs must have plenty of exercises or you may lose your mind! You should anticipate exercising your Jack Rat Terrier for at least two hours every day on average. They like outside activities including treks, long walks, runs, fetch games, and other excursions.

They have a voracious curiosity and will smell whatever they come across. If not stopped, they may pursue a smell for hours. They are excellent jumpers as well. Make sure the fence is too high for your dog to leap over if you leave them outside alone in the yard. Otherwise, they may escape.


The Jack Rat Terrier is a breed that has intelligence. They are really obstinate, however. This may make training difficult, particularly if you put off working on etiquette and training until your dog is older. Despite this, kids have a natural desire to please, making reward-based teaching particularly successful. Also, they have a ton of energy that may be spent on agility challenges or other forms of obedience training.

The Jack Rat is worth noting because they like barking. They will bark in response to sounds, movement outdoors, and even the television. They are thus a bad option for those who live in apartments.


Although having short hair, the Jack Rat Terrier has a tendency to shed a lot, especially during the warmer months. Regular brushing may somewhat reduce the amount of shedding.

To make sure they are clear of mites or other pests, you should regularly examine and clean their ears. To avoid infections, they need regular dental cleanings.

Health and Conditions

Jack Rat Terriers are generally very healthy canines. They are only predisposed to a select few diseases. Be sure the breeder examines the parents for genetic abnormalities if you look into breeders for your Jack Rat puppy.

Minor Conditions


Hip Dysplasia

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Osteochondritis Dissecans


Serious Conditions

Gastric Torsion

Male vs Female

Between male and female Jack Rat Terriers, there are no discernible differences. Their temperaments are similar, and they often share the same size. If your family has the time and energy to take care of the dog’s demands, that is the most crucial factor to take into account when determining whether or not a Jack Rat is the suitable pet for your household.

3 Little-Known Facts About the Jack Rat Terrier

1. You can put this hybrid to work.

The Jack Rat Terrier will behave destructively, aggressively, and yap when bored—all traits that no one wants in their dog. Yet, you’ll have a beautiful dog if you train, socialize, and connect with them. They are ideal for a variety of tasks, including reducing pests in your yard.

Both the Jack Rat and the Rat Terrier were bred with the intention of locating and pursuing vermin. If a Jack Rat Terrier lives in your neighborhood, rats, rabbits, chipmunks, squirrels, and other animals won’t want to hang around there.

2. No one really knows where the breed first appeared.

The Jack Rat Terrier’s ancestry is unknown. Nobody knows with certainty where they originated or where this particular blend was initially bred. If you’re looking for a puppy, it could be challenging to locate a breeder since they’re not very well known.

3. They’re excellent jumpers.

The ability to leap comes naturally to Jack Rat Terriers from their Jack Russell father. They are capable of leaps up to five times their height! Make sure the fence is high enough to confine this energetic dog if your yard is fenced in.


Early training is essential to a positive experience for you and your dog. Your dog will behave better if you teach and socialize them early on. You will get a devoted and obedient friend if your family is active and has the patience to train a Jack Rat Terrier.

Sample Questions and Answers:


What are the typical physical characteristics of a Jack Rat Terrier?

Jack Rat Terriers are typically small to medium-sized dogs with a lean, muscular build. They have a short, dense coat that can come in various colors, and their ears may be erect or folded.


Are Jack Rat Terriers suitable for families with children?

Yes, Jack Rats can be great family dogs. They are generally good with children but should be socialized early to ensure they interact well with kids.


How active are Jack Rat Terriers, and what kind of exercise do they need?

Jack Rats are highly active dogs that require daily exercise and mental stimulation. They enjoy activities like fetch, agility training, and long walks.


Do Jack Rat Terriers get along with other pets, like cats or other dogs?

Socialization is key. When properly introduced and socialized from a young age, Jack Rats can get along with other pets, but they may have a strong prey drive and need supervision around smaller animals.


What is the grooming and care routine for a Jack Rat Terrier?

Jack Rats have a short coat that is relatively low-maintenance. Regular brushing and occasional baths are usually sufficient. Additionally, routine ear cleaning, teeth brushing, and nail trimming are essential for their overall health.




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