The majority of illnesses are species-specific and do not cross species boundaries. Because dogs and cats are both household pets that live together often, it’s essential to understand what illnesses they may get. With careful monitoring and early action, they can readily cure the diseases they do have in common.
Worm transmission is the most frequent issue that cat and dog owners face. Faeces contain the larvae of intestinal worms such as hookworms, roundworms, tapeworms, and whipworms. Your cat may walk in tiny eggs and then lick them off her paws if your dog and cat have access to the same places to eliminate.
If one of your pets has a tapeworm, a flea may eat a tapeworm egg and then settle on the other pet, who eats the flea, passing the parasite on.
Some dogs may taste the “leaves” in your cat’s litter box, which is as disgusting as it sounds. If your cat is infected with roundworms, your dog may swallow roundworm eggs.
Whipworms and hookworms are also transmitted via faecal contact, but they seldom affect cats.
Ringworm is caused by the fungus dermatophytes, not a worm. Medical experts believed the loss of hair was caused by a tiny worm on the skin until it was found to be a fungus, leading to the misnomer. The round form of ringworm makes it easy to identify. It may seem to be a hot spot, but since it forms a complete circle on canines, it is seldom mistaken for one. Ringworm in cats is unusual in that it may take on an uneven form. Ringworm is transmitted from one pet to another through direct touch. The spores may also survive on bedding, carpets, and grooming equipment, and can be transferred by coming into touch with them. Dermatophytes may also survive in the soil for months if the circumstances are perfect, and dogs and cats can acquire the disease by coming into touch with contaminated dirt.
The Common Cold
Dogs and cats are susceptible to the common cold in the same way that humans are. Bordetella bronchisceptica, often known as “kennel cough,” is a terrible bacterium that makes dogs ill with flu-like symptoms. Cats living in the same home or kennel as an ill dog may acquire the bacterium. Fever, lethargy, discharge from the nose and eyes, coughing, and sneezing are among symptoms that cats and dogs experience. Because that set of symptoms is also indicative of feline upper respiratory infection, determining which pathogen is causing the pet’s sickness may be difficult for the veterinarian. A dog with kennel cough, or one that has just recovered from kennel cough, is a significant clue. Both cats and dogs may be protected against bordetella using an intranasal vaccination.
Rabies is a disease that may infect almost any animal. If your cat is attacked by a rabid wild animal and subsequently bites a dog, the dog may get rabies as well, and vice versa. The animal does not have to be bitten by a rabid animal to acquire the illness; just coming into touch with the saliva of a rabid animal via an open wound or mucosa may be enough to spread the disease. Fortunately, there is a rabies vaccination, and all 50 states have laws requiring all pets to be vaccinated against this terrible illness.