15 Different Types of Spaniels

Types of Spaniels

Last Updated on August 10, 2023 by Fumipets

Exploring the Splendid Diversity: 15 Unique Types of Spaniels


Dive into the enchanting world of canine variety as we embark on a journey through “Exploring the Splendid Diversity: 15 Unique Types of Spaniels.” This captivating exploration unveils the rich tapestry of Spaniel breeds, each possessing its own distinct characteristics, origins, and contributions to the world of companionship.

From the elegant Cocker Spaniel to the regal English Springer Spaniel, and the vivacious American Water Spaniel to the charming Clumber Spaniel, this journey introduces you to a delightful array of Spaniel companions that have carved their place in history and hearts.

Spaniels, with their boundless energy, intelligence, and affectionate nature, have endeared themselves to families, hunters, and dog enthusiasts alike. With each turn of the page, you’ll encounter breeds that excel in various roles, from loyal family members to skillful hunters, each contributing their unique talents to the diverse spectrum of Spaniels.

This exploration isn’t just about the physical attributes that set these breeds apart; it’s about understanding their distinct personalities, adaptability, and the bonds they form with their human counterparts.

From the smallest details of coat texture to the grandeur of their historical lineage, you’ll find yourself immersed in a world where each Spaniel is a masterpiece of nature’s design.

As we navigate through this informative journey, you’ll gain a deeper appreciation for the characteristics that make each Spaniel breed exceptional. Whether you’re a devoted Spaniel enthusiast or a curious dog lover, “Exploring the Splendid Diversity:

15 Unique Types of Spaniels” invites you to celebrate the rich tapestry of canine companionship and the remarkable dogs that have become cherished members of countless families around the world.

15 Types of Spaniels—and One Imposter!

According to historians of the breed, the spaniel is known as “The Dog of Spain” and may have migrated throughout Europe as early as 55 BC. With such a long history, these dogs have evolved and become more well-known nowadays all around the globe.

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What qualities do spaniel dog breeds share, then? According to Jo Myers, DVM, a Vetster telehealth specialist, their exciting hunting past has impacted who they are now.

These little to medium-sized dogs were well-liked by their owners because of how adept they were at flushing and recovering game, according to the author. They shared physical traits including drooping and shaggy ears, feathery coats, and long tails even though their appearance was secondary because of their shared origin.

Myers says that spaniel breeds also come in a wide variety. They may be little or huge, heavy or light, curly-coated, long or short-haired, large or small, etc. And at least one of them (OK, maybe two if the yard is sufficiently large) will be ideal for you!

Cocker Spaniel

Lively and loving cocker spaniels are referred to as “Velcro dogs” because they follow you from room to room just in case you need to cuddle up with something comforting and plush. They have a huge heart for their people.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Just take a look at that adorable pooch, who is obviously aware of how adorable he is, staring out into the distance like a runway model in the midst of New York Fashion Week. The amiable Cavalier King Charles spaniel is entirely flexible and has a beautiful face framed by those large, long ears. He is happy to play fetch but also enjoys spending hours curled up on your lap.

Brittany Spaniel

Instead of flushing out their prey, game hunters depend on the vigilant Brittany to point it out. All kinds of dog lovers pick these vivacious, active pals to take part in hip canine activities like dock diving. 

English Cocker Spaniel

Who was the breed with the Best in Show victories at the renowned Crufts dog show, seven? It’s him! A well-deserved accolade for the obedient and knowledgeable English cocker spaniel, often a popular choice for households with older kids.

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Boykin Spaniel

The Boykin spaniel has a long history as an outstanding bird dog. This incredibly athletic and affectionate puppy, which is the official dog of South Carolina, where they were initially produced, is known to enjoy all types of water activities, including kayaking.

English Springer Spaniel

The kind and sociable English springer spaniel will be your finest canine companion—possibly even more so than a two-legged one! whether you like outdoor adventures, hunting, or running.

American Water Spaniel

An American water spaniel, a medium-sized family buddy originally from the upper Midwest, is a happy and devoted water dog that could even be up for some paddle surfing with you if not retrieving.

Irish Water Spaniel

A fluffy, low-shedding puppy that’s eager to become your kids’ favorite secret keeper? Definitely an Irish Water Spaniel! She is rambunctious and full of energy, which helps her be the finest dog ever. She often earns all As in puppy school.

English Toy Spaniel

English toy spaniels were originally regarded as “the comforter” in Shakespeare’s day as a cute and lovely companion, particularly for elders and flat dwellers. These sweet puppies love going for daily walks and chit-chatting with their neighbors.

Sussex Spaniel

A true-blue and loving Sussex spaniel is great at using his nose, so take him on a marsh search or use a “sniffari” to explore the park. This breed of spaniel is an instinctive swimmer and requires less activity than the majority of the others on this list.

Welsh Springer Spaniel

Welsh springer spaniels are a great choice for first-time dog owners since they are loving, energetic puppies that flourish with socialization training and can’t wait to spend time with their caring owners.

Clumber Spaniel

Okay, so these puppies may drool more than normal doggos and, when they ‘blow coat,’ make it snow with hair. But gentle and dignified Clumber spaniels are prized as family companions and sports dogs. The American Kennel Club included them as one of its original nine breeds in 1884.


Papillons are courageous and adorable dogs that were once known as the “dwarf spaniel” or continental toy spaniel. She may be a toy dog breed, but it doesn’t make her any less adventurous. Feel free to take her trekking, but only with a little help carrying her.

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Field Spaniel

As comfortable in the field as they are in the show ring—or on your couch!—field spaniels have bright personalities, rapid intelligence, and an even temperament. They’ll become adoring and devoted family dogs because of these characteristics.

Nederlandse Kooikerhondje

The Kooikerhondje is a spirited spaniel that was brought from Spain to the Netherlands with the purpose of attracting ducks into cages, or “kooi.” This puppy is very attuned to his people and is adaptable, sensitive, and kind.

Tibetan Spaniel

Wait a minute, who let this sweet, cuddly little cutie-pie into the Spaniels’ party? The Tibetan spaniel has no genetic ties to any of the other puppies on this list! However, scientists believe that this 2,000-year-old non-sporting breed was incorrectly referred to in the Middle Ages by the French name epagneul.

Caring for Spaniel Dog Breeds

The majority of spaniel breeds are calm, committed, simple to teach, and loyal by nature, which makes them desirable canine companions. Toy breeds were created in order to transform the same friendly dogs in the field into domestic pets because of these traits. Give them a ton of enrichment opportunities and physical activity, and they’ll never stop loving you.

Just keep an eye out for a few health conditions that Spaniels may be predisposed to, particularly given their large ears. According to Myers, spaniels are more prone to ear infections because of their large, hairy ears. Particularly among Cocker spaniels, chronic recurrent otitis has a reputation for being particularly difficult to completely eradicate.

She continues by saying that breeds comparable to Cavalier King Charles spaniels are prone to heart problems. For instance, “mitral valve disease is so common with these breeds that veterinarians essentially expect it to develop for all of them,” she claims.

To create a wellness strategy, discuss breed-specific ailments with your veterinarian as well. These illnesses may range from brachycephalic syndrome to a tendency for obesity.

And last, make sure you have enough grooming tools on hand since, no matter what breed of spaniel you choose, you want them to be happy and healthy.

Some of the most water-dependent spaniels have a double coat, which means they shed frequently—at least twice a year. Long-haired, single-coated puppies from this breed that are also attractive sometimes need expert grooming to maintain their fur neat and tidy.


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